viernes, 20 de octubre de 2017

Russia’s workforce decline | MercatorNet |October 20, 2017| MercatorNet |

Russia’s workforce decline

MercatorNet |October 20, 2017| MercatorNet |

Russia’s workforce decline

The fruits of collapsing birthrates from twenty years ago.
Marcus Roberts | Oct 19 2017 | comment 1 

The demographic downturn that hit Russia in the 1990s is starting to catch up with it. In that decade, the number of births declined sharply leading to population loss for about twenty years. Although the natural population decline has eased in the last few years – indeed in 2013, 2014 and 2015 there was a modest number of births in excess of the number of deaths – the effect of the drop in births in the 1990s is starting to hit the country’s workforce.
According to the Russian Economy Minister, Maxim Oreshkin, the Russian economy’s recovery from the 2008 economic crisis and the downturn in oil prices will be battered by its constricted workforce. He predicted that the lack of young people entering the workforce will take several percent of the country’s GDP in the years ahead. For the next five or so years, or until 2022, this problem will continue, meaning that the only solution will be for people in their 30s (so old!) 40s and 50s to retrain in the new skills needed for a modern economy. According to Oreshkin:
"In countries with a normal demographic pyramid, a new generation comes in with modern skills and takes up jobs in a modern economy and modern industries, and with their arrival the labour market changes in favour of new sectors … To a large extent economic growth depends on how things proceed with the processes of changing people in these middle generations"
But the problem of a smaller workforce is not going to go away in a few years. By 2035, the finance ministry predicts a four percent decline in the Russian working population. The Institute for Social Analysis and Forecasting at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA) predicts that the work force will shrink by about 0.8-0.9 million people a year until 2025. A RANEPA survey showed Russia's labour force, which has risen since 1999, stood at 76.3 million people in July 2017, down by 1 million a year earlier.


October 20, 2017

The Soviet goal of a worldwide communist revolution was never realised, but it was not for want of trying. Most if not all Western countries had a communist party for much of the twentieth century. I knew an old communist in New Zealand who had grown up to her mother’s advice: “If your housework’s done you’re neglecting the cause.” Connie eventually became a very stanch Catholic and a thorn in the side of the local lefties.

Today Francis Phillips reviews a book that gives us a glimpse of the British communist movement, a memoir of his parents and their circle by The Times journalist David Aaronovitch. Something that struck me was the fact that this couple, who had four children, stuck together despite their troubled marriage and the decline of the movement. It was their communist “faith” that provided the glue. There is a lesson in that somewhere for today’s troubled marriages, I think.

(Somewhat) related items this week: The Russian Revolution in filmWhy Russia thinks it’s exceptionalRussia’s workforce decline.

Carolyn Moynihan
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Party Animals: My Family and other Communists
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It could create a nearly intolerable conflict of interest between caring for patients and following orders
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To Christians in the Western world: a call to action
By Anastasia Sinyawski
Remember that the fight of the Christians in the Middle East is the fight of the Western church.
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Russia’s workforce decline
By Marcus Roberts
The fruits of collapsing birthrates from twenty years ago.
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Luther and the divorce between faith and reason
By Martin Fitzgerald
The reformer’s rejection of philosophy has put us in two minds.
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By Karl D. Stephan
Freezing women's eggs leads to imponderable moral complexities.
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Why Russia thinks it’s exceptional
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Centuries of war and invasion have profoundly shaped Russia's worldview and self-image
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If it harms ‘only me’, is it no harm at all?
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