sábado, 16 de noviembre de 2019

BJP has been effective in transmitting its version of Indian history to next generation of learners | The Indian Express

BJP has been effective in transmitting its version of Indian history to next generation of learners | The Indian Express

BJP has been effective in transmitting its version of Indian history to next generation of learners

Will the Congress government re-rewrite the history textbooks of Rajasthan, or is the Hindu nationalist version bound to prevail? And if one more version of India’s history is produced, in the context of the political narrative in India today, will it have any impact on the next generation of learners?

BJP has been effective in transmitting its version of Indian history to next generation of learners

Shortly after Narendra Modi’s rise to power, in August 2014, the RSS formed a committee, the Bharatiya Shiksha Niti Aayog, to “Indianise” the education system. (Illustration: C R Sasikumar)


Union Home Minister Amit Shah, while speaking at a recent seminar in Banaras Hindu University on the 5th century emperor, Skandagupta, declared: “Putting together our history, embellishing it and rewriting it is the responsibility of the country, its people and historians”, suggesting that there are different ways to write the history of India and that professional historians had not done their job properly so far.

Supreme Court’s Ayodhya verdict has strengthened democracy | The Indian Express

Supreme Court’s Ayodhya verdict has strengthened democracy | The Indian Express

Supreme Court’s Ayodhya verdict has strengthened democracy

It is important that in a democracy governed by the rule of law, every action undertaken by a citizen or a community has valid legal sanctity. This judgment ensures that the construction of a temple at Ayodhya will also have complete legal sanction.

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The judgment makes it clear that all faiths and religions are to be respected equally.


On November 9, the Supreme Court delivered a historic verdict on the Ram Mandir issue, which was under litigation for more than seven decades. Finally, the judgment put to rest the competing claims of two opposing sides — for the construction of a Ram temple and the rebuilding of the Babri masjid respectively.

Ayodhya verdict offers justice for some, but not fairness for all | The Indian Express

Ayodhya verdict offers justice for some, but not fairness for all | The Indian Express

Ayodhya verdict offers justice for some, but not fairness for all

We should respect the judgment of the Supreme Court without trying to fit it into the landscape of justice and fairness as explained by Rawls. It is a closure of something perniciously erosive to the idea of India, the idea to which we all owe our allegiance.

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The Ayodhya verdict, given by a bench of five judges of the Supreme Court including the Chief Justice of India, hopefully, brought an end to this long-standing dispute.


I was a 22-year-old medical student when a group of thugs climbed the dome of the Babri masjid in Ayodhya and reduced it to a grey pile of rubble on December 6, 1992. Having been brought up in a liberal democracy, I was devastated at this blatant brutality and violation of the Constitution, and that too with the tacit collusion of the state. It was painful, probably because it happened in an India which believed in the virtues of liberty, secularism and pluralism.

The revival plan for BSNL and MTNL does not inspire confidence | The Indian Express

The revival plan for BSNL and MTNL does not inspire confidence | The Indian Express

The revival plan for BSNL and MTNL does not inspire confidence

Worried about the future of the public sector entities, the government has crafted a revival plan, including a merger of BSNL and MTNL. In management jargon, the merger could potentially unlock synergies, but unfortunately there appear none on the telecom horizon.

The revival plan for BSNL and MTNL does not inspire confidence



The natural monopoly character of telecommunications has been decidedly undermined by wireless technology. (Photographer: Jason Alden/Bloomberg/File)


The early logic of public provision of telecommunications services in India was justified on grounds of market failure and employment creation. Market failure meant the private sector would either not be interested in provision especially in far flung rural areas or monopoly conduct would flourish unchecked in areas it did serve. The widespread distrust of the market and private enterprise obliged the government to supply telecommunications services. And in the absence of a meaningful social security architecture, the department of telecommunications (DoT) along with other public sector enterprises, became employers, not only of “last resort” but also of “first choice”. The security of a government job and its associated benefits are enticing even today, even though the economy is vastly different and private enterprise is truly established.

Kartarpur presents an opportunity for normalisation of India-Pakistan ties | The Indian Express

Kartarpur presents an opportunity for normalisation of India-Pakistan ties | The Indian Express

Kartarpur presents an opportunity for normalisation of India-Pakistan ties

After the exit of the US from Afghanistan, Pakistan faces uncertainty across a border it has failed to control. Is it time for an India-Pakistan “normalisation” that once looked real under Prime Minister Vajpayee?

Kartarpur presents an opportunity for normalisation of India-Pakistan ties



The “largest gurudwara in the world” was thought of by Imran Khan and the chief of the Pakistan Army General Qamar Javed Bajwa. (File)


On November 9, Prime Minister Imran Khan got together with thousands of Sikh pilgrims to inaugurate the Kartarpur Corridor. Prime Minister Narendra Modi thanked Pakistan for opening up the route to the last resting place of the great Sikh founder-guru, Nanak Dev, in accordance with an agreement reached between the former Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and former Indian statesman-PM Atal Behari Vajpayee in 1999. The Sikh yatris were visibly touched as they heard PM Khan speak of the “opening up borders for free movement and trade with India”.
Things looked good till the Indian media “revealed” the presence of a group of “Khalistani” agents at Kartarpur. That meant the corridor was actually a conspiracy to undermine India’s integrity by luring the Sikhs away. On the Pakistani side, the hounded opposition thought of the “betrayal” of “Kartarpur” after Modi “annexed” Kashmir. But the people at large didn’t bite and were happy to receive more pilgrims. Imran Khan covered his head as he paid tributes to Guru Nanak Dev.

Palestinian rockets, Israeli airstrikes jolt tenuous Gaza truce | World News, The Indian Express

Palestinian rockets, Israeli airstrikes jolt tenuous Gaza truce | World News, The Indian Express

By Reuters |Jerusalem |Published: November 16, 2019 1:37:14 pm

Palestinian rockets, Israeli airstrikes jolt tenuous Gaza truce

Sirens sounded in the middle of the night in Beersheba, the largest city in southern Israel, some 35 km (18 miles) from the Gaza border, warning of incoming fire.

Palestinian rockets, Israeli airstrikes jolt tenuous Gaza truce

Hamas gunmen march and display weapons in Gaza. Throughout the fighting, Hamas, the dominant force in Gaza, appeared to have stayed on the sidelines. (AP File Photo: Hatem Moussa)


Palestinian militants fired two rockets deep into southern Israel from Gaza on Saturday, and the Israeli military responded with a number of air strikes on militant targets, shaking an already tenuous truce.

Rebellious students abandon occupation of Hong Kong campus | World News, The Indian Express

Rebellious students abandon occupation of Hong Kong campus | World News, The Indian Express

By AP |Hong Kong |Published: November 16, 2019 3:38:42 pm

Rebellious students abandon occupation of Hong Kong campus

Major traffic disruptions plagued the city even as schools and universities remain closed in the city of 7.5 million people.

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A protestor sweeps broken glass at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University in Hong Kong, Saturday, Nov. 16, 2019. Rebellious students and anti-government protesters abandoned their occupation of at least one major Hong Kong university after a near weeklong siege by police, but some other schools remained under control of demonstrators on Saturday. (AP Photo/Achmad Ibrahim)


Rebellious students and anti-government protesters abandoned their occupation of at least one major Hong Kong university after a near weeklong siege by police, but some other schools remained under control of demonstrators on Saturday.

Iran: Protests erupt over shock fuel price hike | World News, The Indian Express

Iran: Protests erupt over shock fuel price hike | World News, The Indian Express

By Deutsche Welle |Published: November 16, 2019 3:55:33 pm

Iran: Protests erupt over shock fuel price hike

In the city of Sirjan in central Iran, demonstrators tried to set a fuel warehouse on fire in protests that police described as "severe."

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The move left drivers waiting hours in lines at gas pumps. Many people said they were shocked when they went to refuel their vehicles. Police were deployed near gas stations to keep order.


Demonstrations broke out around Iran Friday night after the government raised the price of fuel by at least 50%, the country’s state news agency reports.

Bolivia: Five killed in pro-Morales protests | World News, The Indian Express

Bolivia: Five killed in pro-Morales protests | World News, The Indian Express

By Deutsche Welle |Published: November 16, 2019 3:43:10 pm

Bolivia: Five killed in pro-Morales protests

The violence, which also left at least 75 injured, escalates unrest facing a four-day-old interim government whose opponents accuse it of carrying out a foreign-backed, right-wing coup to topple the country's first indigenous leader.



Witnesses reported the police and military fired live ammunition at protesters, who had earlier been shot at with tear gas. (Reuters)


Five supporters of former Bolivian President Evo Morales were killed in clashes between protesters and security forces in central Bolivia on Friday.

Turkey says it bought Russian S-400s to use them, not put them aside | World News, The Indian Express

Turkey says it bought Russian S-400s to use them, not put them aside | World News, The Indian Express

By Reuters |Ankara |Published: November 16, 2019 4:53:34 pm

Turkey says it bought Russian S-400s to use them, not put them aside

A top aide to Erdogan said on Friday that Turkish and US officials had begun working as part of a joint mechanism aiming to evaluate the impact of the S-400s on the F-35s.



In an interview with broadcaster CNN Turk, Ismail Demir said it was not logical for any country to purchase such systems only to put them aside, and added that Ankara and Washington aimed to tackle the issue. (Photo: Flickr)


Turkey bought S-400 missile defence systems from Russia to use them, not put them aside, the head of the Turkish Defence Industry Directorate said on Saturday, days after talks between President Tayyip Erdogan and US President Donald Trump.

Explained: How Guru Nanak’s langar is helping UN achieve its ‘zero hunger’ goal | Explained News, The Indian Express

Explained: How Guru Nanak’s langar is helping UN achieve its ‘zero hunger’ goal | Explained News, The Indian Express

Written by Divya Goyal |Updated: November 16, 2019 9:43:38 am

Explained: How Guru Nanak’s langar is helping UN achieve its ‘zero hunger’ goal

Of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the second one ⁠— ‘zero hunger’ ⁠— aims to end extreme hunger and malnutrition, especially among children, by 2030.

Explained: How Guru Nanak’s langar is helping UN achieve its ‘zero hunger’ goal

Children in Malawi being provided nutritious meals by Sikh organisation ‘Zero Hunger with Langar’


In 2015, the United Nations’ member nations adopted 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as a universal call to end poverty and protect the planet. The deadline to achieve these goals is 2030. Of 17 goals, the second one — ‘zero hunger’ — aims to end extreme hunger and malnutrition, especially among children, by 2030. The Indian Express explains how Guru Nanak’s ‘langar’ is contributing to achieving this goal and reducing malnutrition in African countries, bringing down ‘preventable children deaths’.

Explained: How Punjab govt is zeroing in on farmers who need to be compensated | Explained News, The Indian Express

Explained: How Punjab govt is zeroing in on farmers who need to be compensated | Explained News, The Indian Express

Written by Kanchan Vasdev |Updated: November 16, 2019 9:44:15 am



Explained: How Punjab govt is zeroing in on farmers who need to be compensated

Following a Supreme Court order directing three states to compensate farmers who have refrained from burning paddy stubble on their fields, Punjab government is paying Rs 2,500 per acre. The Indian Express explains how the government is zeroing in on those managed the stubble in an environment friendly way

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Only small and marginal farmers having upto 5 acres of land, who had sown non-basmati paddy and who did not set ablaze their straw can seek compensation this year.


Following a Supreme Court order directing three states to compensate farmers who have refrained from burning paddy stubble on their fields, Punjab government is paying Rs 2,500 per acre. The Indian Express explains how the government is zeroing in on those managed the stubble in an environment friendly way